|Polk County Resources
- County Clerk
- Online Resources
- Links of Interest
Look Up Volunteers
Brick Wall - Queries
Polk County Facts
Genealogy isn't just about dates, it also includes the life styles of
our ancestors. That gives a feel for how they lived,
their hardships and their luxuries for the time. Following are some facts
about Polk county that I found interesting.
From the "Hand-book of North Carolina" By North Carolina. Dept. of Agriculture,
John D. Cameron pages 179 - 180
POLK Polk is the southernmost of the Piedmont counties lying upon the
border of South Carolina and of the cotton belt
which barely enters its south eastern corner. Three fourths of the territory
of the county is very mountainous as it is
bounded westward by the Blue Ridge and its western and northern sections
are penetrated by heavy and long spurs thrown
out from that range of equal height or greater. It is crossed from west
to east and nearly its entire territory is drained
by the waters of Green River one of the principal tributaries of the Broad.
Along this river valley as well as on some of
the tributaries are wide stretches of bottom lands of clay and sandy loams.
The middle part of the county is a somewhat broken
plateau of 1,000 feet elevation and has a gravelly and slaty soil of a
light color and loose texture and low fertility and
inferior forests of pine oak and chestnut The southeastern section is
of the same character. A large part of the uplands and of
the mountain slopes in the west and north has forests largely of oak and
a yellowish or gray loamy soil of good quality In the
higher parts except where the soil is of the better grades chestnut and
chestnut oak are abundant. The principal agricultural
pursuit is the production of grain crops. There are several gold mines
in the middle and southern sections.
The cotton crop of the county does not exceed 500 bales yearly Grains
and fruits are the chief objects of industrial pursuit
The most famous of the thermal belts lies in this county and is largely
engaging the attention of orchardists and vignerons
The climate is regarded as favorable in pulmonary weakness and health
resorts have been established at several points notably
at Tryon City and Saluda.
The county is traversed by the Asheville and Spartanburg Railroad Columbus
is the county seat.
Polk County has 140,470 acres of land valued at $506,332 and 208 town
lots valued at $54,400.
Of domestic animals there are 423 horses 440 mules 5 jacks and jennies
31 goats 3,221 cattle 5,921 hogs and 1,680 sheep.
Product of taxation for State use $2,151.15 pensions $312.38 schools $2,215.13
county $2,679.52 Population white 4,807
colored 1,095 total 5,902.